4.1 Fire safety provisions for PWDs
a. Planning of evacuation for PWDs
The building owner/MCST shall plan the evacuation procedures for PWDs. Planning includes identifying the needs of PWDs and making arrangements for assistance during emergency. The building owner/MCST shall keep the following information:
(1) locations plan of PWD Holding Point and PWD evacuation lift;
(2) the number of PWDs;
(3) the location of the PWDs; and
(4) the nature of their disabilities.
b. The evacuation procedures shall be tested at least once a year and involve both horizontal, if provided, and vertical evacuation.
c. The building owner/MCST shall ensure that the staff, designated to help PWDs in the event of fire, are fully trained to execute the following evacuation procedure:
(1) Building with evacuation lift
(a) PWDs requiring assistance shall move or be directed to the PWD Holding Point in the evacuation lift lobby.
(b) The trained staff shall attend to PWDs from PWD Holding Point and direct them to the final exit.
(2) Building without evacuation lift
(a) On hearing the alarm, PWDs requiring assistance shall be moved or be directed to the nearest PWD Holding Point inside the exit staircase.
(b) The trained staff, after completing their search, shall proceed to the PWD Holding Point and assist the PWDs down the exit staircase to the final exit.
4.2 Chemical/HazMat warehouse
a.The laboratory operators shall minimise the amount of flammable liquids on benches by returning them to chemical store or safety cabinets when the liquids are not needed for the day.
b. The laboratory operators shall ensure that the quantity of these liquids placed on benches and fume cupboards shall not exceed 10% of the total allowable storage capacity within the laboratory unit.
c. Liquids used for running and operating laboratory instruments or other work-in-progress which may require some quantities of solvents to operate are exempted from the 10% limit.
4.3 Fully Automated Mechanised Car Park (FAMCP)
a. The building owner/MCST of Category 2 & 3 FAMCPs shall provide self-contained breathing apparatus and maintained in a clearly marked cabinet for maintenance personnel.
b. Maintenance personnel shall be equipped with the breathing apparatus while working in FAMCPs.
c. Signage with words of minimum 50mm in height shall be clearly visible and state: “Personnel must be equipped with the breathing apparatus during maintenance”.
4.4 Buildings using intumescent paint
a. Inspection and maintenance
(1) The building owner/MCST, shall carry out annual inspection checks to ensure that the intumescent paint coatings are not damage or tempered with. Records of inspection shall be properly kept.
(2) For buildings with Fire Certification, the annual renewal of the
certificate shall include the inspection of the columns and beams coated with intumescent paint. The inspection shall be carried out by a QP.
b. Addition/alteration works
For addition/alteration works in a building where structural steel members are protected by intumescent paint, the following requirements shall be complied with:
(1) The building owner/MCST/tenant, assisted by the FSM, shall engage a QP who shall submit building plans to the SCDF. The building plans shall be accompanied by the QP’s declaration as to whether the existing
columns, beams coated with intumescent paint are/will be affected.
(2) Inspection certificate endorsed by a RI shall be required and kept by the building owner/MCST.
(3) The Fire Safety Report shall be updated accordingly.
c. There shall be no highly flammable/combustible materials stored within the vicinity of any structural steel members protected by intumescent paint.
4.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) cylinder installation
a. The building owner/MCST/tenant shall observe the Regulation 53 of the Fire Safety (Petroleum and Flammable Materials) Regulations 2005 and the conditions stipulated under Cl.10.1 of the Fire Code for the storage/use of 15kg LPG cylinders within building.
b. The owner/tenant of eating outlet or food stall together with the gas supplier/dealer are responsible to ensure that the automatically shut-off system is well maintained and that the gas leak detection system is checked and calibrated periodically.
c. The Fire Certificate inspection programme for the building shall include the “automatic detection and shut-off system”.
4.6 Mega underground developments
a. The building owner/MCST shall form a Company Emergency Response Team (CERT) for his underground development.
b. Training and other safety requirements in caverns
(1) All working occupants in the underground development are required to be properly and thoroughly briefed on the fire emergency plans.
(2) All working occupants shall be trained on basic firefighting and rescue matters. Safety hoods shall be equipped and provided for each working occupant in the caverns.
4.7 Use of lifts in buildings for evacuation
a. The building owner/MCST shall designate his staff to supervise the evacuation during a fire emergency.
b. Evacuation using fire lifts or evacuation lifts shall only be carried out under the supervision of firefighters/CERT.
c. Upon the arrival of SCDF at the fire scene, the designated staff supervising the evacuation shall brief the fire officer in-charge on the position and circumstances of the fire and the progress of the evacuation. SCDF will then take over the supervision of the evacuation.
4.8 Engineered timber building construction
Where automatic fire detection/suppression systems are installed, the engineered timber building owner/MCST shall undertake to engage a QP to conduct annual inspection of these systems and to submit inspection reports to SCDF.
4.9 Hoarding & safety nets
a. The building owner/MCST shall ensure a copy of QP-endorsed hoarding plans is kept at the FCC, security guard room or information counter in the order of priority at all times. Such requirement is optional if the hoardings does not affect the following areas/facilities:
(1) fire hydrants;
(2) fire engine accessway/fire engine access road;
(3) fire lift;
(4) exit staircase; and
(5) dry/wet riser.
b. The building owner/MCST is required to notify all the tenants/occupants of the locations of alternate means of escape 2 weeks prior to carrying out the hoarding and renovation works.
c. The building owner/MCST is required to inform the nearest SCDF fire station of any hoarding works that affect the above-mentioned areas/facilities.
d. The affected firefighting facilities/areas shall be clearly shown on the plans and submitted to the relevant fire station. The alternative or nearest firefighting facilities that can be accessed by the fire station responding personnel shall be highlighted on the plan.
4.10 Temporary workers’ quarters in uncompleted permanent buildings on construction sites
The main contractor shall ensure that:
a. all temporary workers’ quarters within the construction site are maintained in good conditions and they shall not be allowed to deteriorate into a slum-like condition through unauthorised extensions and overcrowding;
b. unwanted articles are not stored in and around the temporary workers’ quarters; and
c. all exits, escape routes and passageway are kept free of obstruction at all times.
4.11 Ductless jet fans system in car parks
a. The building owner/MCST shall keep a copy of the operations and maintenance manual as a guide for future renovations and changes to the building.
b. The manual prepared by the QP shall contain the roles and responsibilities of the building owner/MCST, the restriction placed on the building identification of the sub-systems, servicing and maintenance plan, fault identification, etc..
4.12 Kitchen exhaust ducts
The building owner/MCST/tenant/operator shall ensure that the entire kitchen exhaust system, including those within individual restaurant/F&B outlet shall be properly maintained. The entire (interior and exterior) exhaust duct and kitchen hood shall be degreased and cleaned at least once every 12 months. The work shall be carried out by a specialist and the records of cleaning and degreasing shall be kept by the relevant parties for verification by the authorities having jurisdiction and the SCDF.
4.13 Fire-rated dry construction
The building owner/MCST shall engage a QP for any subsequent A&A works involving new or existing fire-rated dry construction.