Public shelters refer to those shelters which have been constructed (whether before or after the enactment of the legislation) in accordance with regulations /
specifications issued by SCDF and in which members of the public may
take refuge during an emergency. Public shelters found in Mass Rapid
Transit (MRT) North-South Line (NSL) /East-West Line (EWL)/ North-East
Line (NEL)/Circle Line (CCL) stations/ Downtown Line 2 (DTL2), schools
and community centres / clubs, would be more appropriately used by those
in transit (eg. travelling in the MRT), passers-by and those who have to
perform emergency roles in these schools and community centres /
For the public in general, when the need arises, SCDF will implement public education
measures on the sheltering methods and procedures. Essentially, the
public will be advised to stay at home, keep calm and seek protection at
Public shelters are
incorporated in underground MRT stations to provide protection for the
population in times of Emergency. There are 40 underground MRT stations
which are hardened to double-up as public shelters. They are:
|East-West Line||North-East Line||Circle Line|
(Open on 2712/15)
King Albert Park
The MRT shelter can
accommodate between 3,000 to 19,000 shelterees depending on the shelter
area. MRT shelters are designed with facilities to ensure the shelter
environment is tolerable for all shelterees during shelter occupation.
These facilities include protective blast doors, decontamination
facilities, ventilation system, power and water supply systems and dry
toilet system etc.
Housing Development Board
The HDB public
shelters are in the basements or at the void-decks of certain HDB
residential apartment blocks.
ranges of many new secondary schools are hardened as shelters.
Community Centres /
Public shelters are
found in certain community centres / clubs. Shelters here are generally
used by the centres / clubs themselves for their own peacetime
developments also have public shelters. Examples of their peacetime uses
include basement carpark, training activity room and workshop.
Shelter (HS) in a dwelling unit is typically the store cum pantry with
its walls, floor and ceiling strengthened with increased thickness. The
walls are set back by specified distances from the building exterior and
the entrance to the HS is installed with an SCDF-approved light
protective steel door. The HS gives protection to the shelterees against
weapon effects such as blast and fragments during an emergency. Each HS
door has a notice affixed on its interior face. The notice identifies
the structure as a household shelter and states clearly the prohibited
works within it. The HS of HDB flats are typically the store cum pantry.
The walls, floor and ceiling of the HS are strengthened with increased
thickness and in general, require minimal maintenance. It is no
different from maintaining an ordinary storeroom, with the provision
that the owner is not allowed to tamper with the HS door, structural
walls and the floor and ceiling slabs.
architects design storerooms and pantries with the required protection
specified by SCDF so that they can also serve as shelters for occupants
of the dwelling units.
The household /
storey shelter has the advantage of being easily accessible to residents
of the house or flat and apartment occupants when the need arises. Life
during an emergency can thus be close to normalcy.
For purpose of
quality control in the manufacturing of the HS doors, SCDF and BCA are
working closely with Spring Singapore (previously known as PSB) in
implementing the Product Listing Scheme (PLS) for HS doors. Note that
only approved HS doors (for which BCA-issued HS door reference numbers
would be given) are eligible for the PLS which is administered by Spring
For residents living
in dwelling units without shelters, SCDF will advise them how they can
improvise some cover in their homes using available household and
furniture items. Such an improvised cover would provide a considerable
degree of protection against flying debris and glass splinters which
generally are the cause of the majority of casualties in bomb explosion
incidents. In fact, it will be relatively safer to stay at home under
some improvised cover during an attack than being out in the open trying
to get to a public shelter.