Information of P&FM Storage Licence
Petroleum and Flammable Material (P&FM) storage and transportation or other related activities are considered dangerous as they pose a threat to life and property in the event of fire. Hence application for their issuance is mandatory to achieve a safer working environment. The licensing authority is the Storage Risk Branch of HazMat Department of SCDF.
Petroleum refers to any hydrocarbons (ie with only carbon and hydrogen in its molecular structure) with flash point below 93° C (199° F). This includes crude petroleum, liquefied petroleum gas and other naturally occurring hydrocarbons derived from crude petroleum, coal, shale, peat or other bituminous substances. Petroleum products are further divided into the following classes:
- "Class O petroleum" means liquefied petroleum gas;
- "Class I petroleum" means any petroleum having a flashpoint of less than 23° C (74° F) but does not include Class O petroleum;
- "Class II petroleum" means any petroleum having a flashpoint between 23°C and 60°C (both inclusive);
- "Class III petroleum" means any petroleum having a flashpoint above 60°C but not above 93°C.
Class 0, I & II petroleum are regulated by SCDF. For Class III petroleum, diesel is the only licensable product.
The regulated flammable materials are based on the gazetted list in the Fourth Schedule of the Fire Safety (Petroleum and Flammable Materials) Regulations 2020. There are a total of 366 groups of chemicals in the current list. This list of flammable materials is subjected to review periodically- with inclusion of additional flammable materials and/or removal of certain flammable materials in the list. Click on the link below to download.
Complete List of Licensable Chemicals 2020 (XLSX, 57 KB)
P&FM Storage Requirement
All storage of P&FM, regardless of quantity stored, have to comply with fire safety requirements for storage of flammable materials in premises. All storage of P&FM must be indicated in building plans submitted to SCDF for approval.
licence is not required if the quantity stored or kept is below the licence exemption quantity as follows:
Class 0 Petroleum
For private use in a private dwelling house
Not more than 30 kg in not more than 2 cylinders
For use in eating place
Not more than 30 kg per stall in the eating place (whether occupied or not), subject to a maximum quantity of not more than 200 kg to be stored at that eating place
For use in restaurant
Not more than 200 kg
For use in a factory
Not more than 300 kg per factory
Any Other Classes of Petroleum
Class I Petroleum
Class II Petroleum
Class III Petroleum
For private use in a private dwelling house or for use in any business other than in a factory
Not more than 20 L
Not more than 200 L
Not more than 1,500 L
For use in a factory
Not more than
Not more than
Not more than 1,500 L
Mixed storage or keeping of any petroleum and flammable material, or more than one flammable material, in separate containers or compartments within any premises shall be exempted from the requirement of a licence if:
- Where all the substances are solids, their aggregate weight does not exceed 20 kg;
- Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are solids, for instance, aluminum powder, calcium carbide and calcium silicate, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such solids together exceeds 20 kg.
- Where all the substances are liquids, their aggregate volume does not exceed 40 L:
- Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are liquids, for instance, butanol, chlorobutane and acetone, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such liquids together exceeds 40 L.
- Where all the substances are gaseous, their aggregate weight does not exceed 10 kg; or
- Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are gases, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such gases together exceeds 10 kg.
- Where the substances are in mixed states, their aggregate weight does not exceed 20 kg.
- Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which consist of solids, liquids and gases, for instance, calcium carbide, acetone and acetylene, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such solids, liquids and gases together exceeds 20 kg.
Fire Safety Works Incorporated During Building Plan Stage, Pertaining To Storage/Keeping of Flammable Materials
In general, all buildings are to comply with the Fire Code. Storage of P&FM will need to comply to standards and codes which are referenced in Table 1.2 of the Fire Code.
You need to engage a Qualified Person (QP) to ensure that the storage complies with Fire Safety requirements by submitting the approved plan and Fire Safety Certificate.
You can come to SCDF for a walk-in consultation to clarify issue pertaining to Minor Storage and storage in fire safety cabinets, or any other matters pertaining to fire safety requirements on storage of flammable materials. To assist SCDF Fire Safety Consultants, you are advised to bring with you a copy of your building's layout plan and the list of flammable materials and storage quantity.
The following links are for your reference :
To apply for storage license, applicant needs to:
- Check with MHD on QRA submission (if applicable)
- Engage a Qualified Person (QP) to prepare and submit plan to SCDF
- Submit plan(s) that incorporate with the fire safety works in accordance with the Fire Codes and other accepted codes
A registered inspector (RI) will apply Fire Safety Certificate (FSC) after he has certified that fire safety works are completed and in accordance with the approved building plans.
The applicant can apply for P&FM storage licence on-line via GoBusiness Portal.
For more information on the application of storage licence, you may refer to the GoBusiness Guide. (PDF, 2MB)
Licence Costing & Validity Period
The Petroleum & Flammable Materials storage is valid for 12 months and the fees are based on quantity of storage:
Petroleum & Flammable Material (Liquid)
Not exceeding 500 L
Exceeding 500 L but not exceeding 5,000 L
Exceeding 5,000 L but not exceeding 50,000 L
Exceeding 50,000 L but not exceeding 250,000 L
Exceeding 250,000 L but not exceeding 450,000 L
For subsequent 450,000 L or part thereof
Flammable Material (Solid)
Not exceeding 200 kg
Exceeding 200 kg but not exceeding 5, 000 kg
For subsequent 5,000 kg or part thereof
Flammable Material (Gaseous)
Not exceeding 50 kg
Exceeding 50 kg but not exceeding 5,000 kg
For subsequent 5,000 kg or part thereof
Amendment of Licence
Additional copy of licence
Amendment of licence or permit
Fire Safety Conditions to Fulfil
- To keep and maintain a register of all P&FM stored or kept at the licensed premises, their quantities, movement, and their Material Safety Data Sheets;
- To ensure that ventilation, means of escape, structural fire precautions, fire prevention and extinguishing systems of the licensed premises are maintained and functioning in accordance with the approved building plans;
- To take all practicable steps to prevent fire, explosion, leakage or ignition of any P&FM in the premises;
- To disallow activity that may cause fire, explosion, leakage or ignition of any P&FM in the premises including activity that is not necessary for the purpose of storage or keeping of P&FM in the premises;
- To ensure that all entrances, passageways, exits and other means of escape in the premises are free from obstruction at all times;
- To ensure that the premises are accessible to fire engines, ambulances and other emergency vehicles at all times;
- To ensure that the storage/stacking of P&FM will limit the spread of any fire that occurs, not endanger the occupants in the course of their work and not hinder access for emergency vehicles or occupants to escape;
- To prevent unauthorized persons from entering the premises and to limit staff access to area where P&FM are stored;
- To keep the premises clean and in good condition. The premises should be clear of dry grass, unmown grass and vegetation, undergrowth, debris and other combustible material;
- To provide and maintain such types and quantities of fire-fighting material and equipment as may be required by the Commissioner;
- To provide and maintain such types and quantities of sensors as may be required by the Commissioner;
- To ensure that personnel who are required to handle P&FM in the premises are conversant with the law, the approved codes of practice and the actions to be taken in the event of fire, explosion, leakage or other similar emergency;
- To establish and maintain such number of persons as in-house, on-site Company Emergency Response Team (CERT) as the Commissioner may direct;
- To ensure that CERT members are competent in handling incidents involving P&FM in the event of any fire, explosion, leakage or other similar emergency;
- To ensure that all CERT members have successfully passed the competency test;
- To subject the CERT to periodic assessment of its emergency preparedness;
- To adopt security measures such as installation of security equipment including close circuit cameras at appropriate locations within the licensed premises, preventing any unauthorized person from gaining access or performing unauthorized activity and reducing the storage quantity of P&FM within such time as specified by the Commissioner;
- To prepare and keep up-to-date an Emergency Response Plan (ERP) to deal with spillage, leakage, accidental discharge or other emergency, include the off-site impact, if any. You may access the following link for the guidelines for ERP.
Guidelines for Emergency Response Plan (ERP)
- To ensure that all persons working in the premises know the contents of the ERP.
- The ERP should cover the following:
- Identification of likely accidental scenarios and establishment of the likely impact zones;
- Notification and activation procedures;
- Response actions to contain and control the release and to mitigate the impact zones;
- Monitoring of the affected areas, including the off-site affected areas;
- Procedures for decontamination and clean-up of affected areas;
- Names of personnel with their assigned roles and responsibilities in dealing with the emergency (including the decontamination and clean-up of the affected areas);
- List of emergency response equipment, including protective gears, fire-fighting equipment, oversized drums, emergency containers or tankers, absorbents, neutralizing agents, monitoring equipment and clean-up equipment, made available for dealing with the emergency; and
- Any other information as required by the Commissioner.
- To subject the ERP for test, review, or amend within a time period specified by Commissioner;
- To ensure that there are adequate trained personnel and adequate equipment to deal with any emergency or accident;
- To implement the ERP in the event of any emergency.
- To ensure that no P&FM be sold or supplied to any person unless he has a valid licence to store or keep, or transport the P&FM;
- To ensure that the dispensing of P&FM from tanker into storage tank is carried out under close supervision of a person who has knowledge of and experience with the dispensing;
- To ensure that no lighted candle, cigarette, burning of joss sticks, or any naked light, fire or flame is permitted within the precincts when dispensing of P&FM is being carried out;
- To ensure that the engine of the vehicle is shut off during dispensing operations; the vehicle chassis must be first be earthed, the rate of filling must be limited to prevent any electrostatic discharge which may cause ignition of flammable vapors; the connections for dispensing must be properly secured and the quantity should not exceed its tank capacity.
- To ensure sufficient numbers of appropriate emergency information panels and warning labels are installed at the approved storage area; To ensure that the storage containers for P&FM are the types that are designed and constructed in accordance with an approved standard
For clarification and submission of ERP and CERT for approval, please contact:
HQ Singapore Civil Defence Force
DID: 6848 1440 / 6848 1434
List of Qualified Persons (QP) and Registered Inspectors (RI)
You can obtain information on Qualified Persons from the Singapore Institute of Architects (SIA) at website: www.sia.org.sg and the Professional Engineers Board (PEB) at website: www.peb.gov.sg. For the list of RI, you may access the SCDF Download webpage.
New Additions Of Petroleum/Flammable Materials To My Existing Licence
You will need to inform SCDF (HazMat Department) about the new additions of petroleum/flammable materials to your existing licence. Alternatively, you may access the GoBusiness to submit an update to your existing licence.
For more information on Storage matters, you may contact the following:
Storage Licensing Officers
- Mr. Muhathir Mohamad
DID: 6848 1442