General Information of P&FM Licence
This general information is meant to be a useful and easy reference for the public to understand and comply with the Fire Safety Act and Fire Safety (Petroleum and Flammable Materials) Regulations 2013. When in doubt, the Act and Regulations should be referred to and clarifications may be sought from the SCDF.
1. What are the licensable petroleum and flammable material?
Chemicals regulated under the Fire Safety (Petroleum & Flammable Materials) Regulations 2013 are divided into 3 groups – petroleum, flammable materials and mixtures that contain petroleum and / or flammable materials.
Petroleum refers to any hydrocarbons (ie with only carbon and hydrogen in its molecular structure) with flash point below 93°C (199°F). This includes crude petroleum, liquefied petroleum gas and other naturally occurring hydrocarbons derived from crude petroleum, coal, shale, peat or other bituminous substances. Petroleum products are further divided into the following classes:
- Class 0 - Liquefied Petroleum Gas;
- Class I - *Flash point below 23°C;
- Class II - *Flash point between 23 and 60°C (both inclusive);
- Class III - *Flash point between above 60 but less than 93°C
Class 0, I & II petroleum are regulated by SCDF. For Class III petroleum, diesel is the only licensable product.
b ) Flammable Materials
The regulated flammable materials are based on the gazetted list in the Fire Fourth Schedule of the Fire Safety (Petroleum and Flammable Materials) Regulations 2013. There are a total of 366 groups of chemicals in the current list. This list of flammable materials is subjected to review periodically – with inclusion of additional flammable materials and / or removal of certain flammable materials in the list. Click on the link below to download.
Complete_List_of_Licensable_Chemicals-2020 (XLSX, 57 KB)
c ) Mixtures
Any mixture that contained component of petroleum and / or flammable materials and has a *flash point less than 60°C (140°F) is regulated by SCDF.
In summary, petroleum products are regulated according to its *flash point (criteria-based schedule) while the licensable flammable materials are from a list-based schedule.
Note : Flash Point
The lowest temperature at which sufficient vaporization of the substance is produced which will flash momentarily when a flame is applied. The flashpoint is available in the product’s MSDS.
2. What products are exempted from P&FM licence?
The exempted products are as follows:
- Cigarette lighters and portable gas lighters
- Cosmetic and beauty products including hair styling products
- Food and beverages including beer, wine and liquor
- Insecticides and pesticides
- Lacquer solvents
- Pharmaceutical products
3. Who should apply for a P&FM licence?
Anyone who wishes to convey P&FM via pipeline in public places, import, transport, store or keep P&FM at any premises should apply for a P&FM licence.