Under Section 20 of the Fire Safety Act, the owner or occupier of any public building such as offices, hospitals, shopping complexes, industrial buildings and private residential buildings that fall within the following criteria is required to apply and obtain a Fire Certificate (FC).
The Fire Safety (Fire Certificate) (Designated Buildings) Order and Section 20 of the Fire Safety Act contains the following definitions:
a. Public Building1
i. has an occupant load of more than 200 persons
b. Industrial Building
i. has an occupant load of at least 1, 000 persons;
ii. has a floor area2 or site area of at least 5, 000 square metres; or
iii. exceeds 24 metres in habitable height
c. Private Residential Building
i. exceeds 24 metres in habitable height; and
ii. is, or is required to be installed with any of the following:
1. a wet riser system;
2. an automatic fire alarm system; or
3. a sprinkler system.
d. Designated Engineered Timber Buildings
i. An engineered timber building (whether industrial or residential or used or intended to be used for any other purpose) installed with –
1. an automatic fire alarm system;
2. an automatic sprinkler system;
3. an automatic smoke control system; or
4. any other automatic fire detection or suppression system intended to detect or control a fire automatically.
1A Public building refers to a building –
- used as a hospital or a nursing home;
- used ordinarily or occasionally to provide residential care to aged persons or child care for groups of children;
- used wholly or mainly as or in connection with a hotel, shop or restaurant; or
- where the public or any part thereof or numbers of persons occasionally or regularly assemble for —
- civic or social (but not religious or educational) purposes;
- entertainment, recreational or sporting purposes; or
- business purposes;
2Refers to the total cumulative area of all buildings within the same development/premises.
The FC Scheme ensures the proper maintenance and good working condition of fire protection systems. These systems should be tested in accordance with the relevant codes of practice.
The FC must be obtained within twelve (12) months from the issuance of the Fire Safety Certificate (FSC).
For new FC applications, owners or occupiers are required to first complete and email the “Information on Fire Certificate” form to SCDF. Please click here to download the form.
For premises which are renewing their FC, applications shall be made at least two months before the expiry of the existing FC. To download the FC-01 to FC-03 forms, please click here (under Fire Certificate) to access the downloads page.
Click here to access our e-services portal to submit electronically.
Our e-services guide can be found here.
Validity & Fee
The FC is valid for a period of 12 months, unless otherwise stated.
|Type of Premises||Fee per storey ($)|
SCDF will make an appointment with the owner or occupier of a premises for an inspection if required. The owner or occupier will have to arrange for a Professional Engineer and contractor to carry out the pre-testing. All relevant reports and documents must be submitted to SCDF before the inspection date.
Categories of Professional Engineers for Fire Protection Systems
Please refer to this document for more information.
Every building has to be inspected annually to maintain the integrity of its fire protection systems. Examples of the items to be inspected are:
- Atrium smoke control system
- Mechanical ventilation for basement
- Voice communication system
Stages of Site Inspections
The site inspection is conducted in three stages:
- Stage 1
- System operation test during a simulated fire alarm activation
- Stage 2
- System operation test under secondary power supply by generator.
- Stage 3
- Testing of individual installations or fire protection systems throughout the building.
If the fire protection systems are in order, the FC will be issued to the applicant. If non-compliances were observed, SCDF will issue a written direction which lists the fire protection systems that needs to be rectified prior to obtaining the FC. Please click here to go to our downloads page for a reference on what we test during inspections.
The building owner or occupier needs to resolve the matter promptly, as they may render themselves liable to prosecution for occupying a designated building without a valid fire certificate. A follow-up inspection may be arranged to confirm that all the outstanding defects have been rectified.
Revocation & Penalty
The Commissioner of SCDF may revoke any Fire Certificate where there is:
- a breach of any of the terms and conditions of the certificate;
- any misrepresentation of a material fact in the application for the fire certificate or accompanying plans or documents upon the basis of which the certificate was issued or renewed; or
- knowledge that the fire hazards within the building or part thereof, for which the fire certificate was issued or renewed, have increased without adequate fire safety measures being taken to the satisfaction of the Commissioner.
Under the Fire Safety (Building and Pipeline Fire Safety) Regulations, any person who
- without lawful excuse refuses or neglects to do anything which he is required to do;
- without lawful excuse fails to comply with the requirements of any notice served on him under these Regulations; or
- without lawful excuse acts in contravention of any provision of these Regulations,
- shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.