Hotlines
  • 995

    Fire Engine/ Ambulance

  • 1777

    Non-Emergency Ambulance

  • Fire Hazard Reporting

    1800 280 0000

  • General Enquiries

    1800 286 5555

  • 995

    Fire Engine/ Ambulance

  • 1777

    Non-Emergency Ambulance

First Aid

 

Medical emergencies arising from illnesses and injuries can result in death or serious complications if not treated immediately. You can help save a casualty’s life if you are able to render proper first aid on-site before medical help arrives.

 

Remember, you should dial 995 only if it is an emergency. Otherwise, dial 1777 for non-emergency ambulance services.

 

Contents of First Aid Kit

 

first-aid-kit-1422882 2

  • Every home and workplace should have a First Aid Kit
  • Easily available at local pharmacies

 

FA_Non-Latex Glove

Non-Latex Gloves: To protect yourself from infection transmitted via blood & body fluids.

 

FA_Thermometer

Thermometer: To measure body temperature.

FA_Surgical Scissors
Surgical Scissors: To cut dressings and tapes

 

FA_Shears

Shears: To cut clothing or bulky dressings.

 

FA_Crepe Bandages

Crepe Bandages: To give support to injured joints, secure and maintain pressure on wounds and dressings.

 

PHOTO-2020-07-24-20-57-54

Large and Medium Pads: To aid in pressure dressing for large cuts.

 

 

surgical-gauze-pad-500x500

Gauze Pad: To clean or cover wounds.

 

FA_Adhesive Plasters

Adhesive Plasters: To cover superficial wounds.

 

FA_Triangular Bandages

Triangular Bandages: To immobilise fractures & act as secondary dressing.

 

FA_Adhesive Tapes
Adhesive Tapes: To tape ends of dressings & bandages.

 

FA_Burn Kit-Gel
Burn Kit/Gel: To aid, cool and relieve pain in burn incidents.

 

Burns Management

Definition of Burns

Damage to the Body Tissue by Heat, Chemicals, Electricity or Radiation

 

Classifications of Burn Injuries

  • First Degree Burns
  • Second Degree Burns
  • Third Degree Burns

 

 

Disclaimer:  The Following Pictures may be Viewed as Unpleasant to Participants

 

Classifications of Burn Injuries

First Degree Burns

BM_1st Degree- Painful, Red and Dry    

Second Degree Burns

BM_2nd Degree-Painful, Red, Wet and Blistering

Third Degree Burns


BM_3rd Degree-Painless, Charred Skin/Leathery   

What Is The Treatment?

  • Stop the Burning Process
  • Run under normal running water for 10mins (Chemical 30mins)
  • Remember the FOUR Cs

Remember the Four Cs!

BM_Cool

BM_Constrictors BM_CoverBM_Consult

COOL the affected area under running tap water for about 10 minutes   

Gently remove any CONSTRICTORS from the injured area before it starts to swell 

COVER the injured area to prevent any infection 

CONSULT a doctor (if not serious); otherwise dial 995 

 

When To Call For 995?

  • Burns involving more than 5% of Casualty’s Body Surface (Surface area is more than 5 times the size of casualty's palm)
  • Chemical burns
  • Facial Burns
  • Multiple Blisters
  • Difficulty in Breathing





Wounds Management

How To Treat Open Wounds?

  1. Check if there is any foreign object in the wound
  2. Clean the wound with water
  3. Cover with a sterile gauze pad
  4. Apply firm direct pressure
  5. Secure with a bandage
  6. Proceed to the nearest GP or Polyclinic.

 

If the bleeding does NOT stop after treatment

OR

If you see any of these wounds...

 WM_wounds1

OR...


These are Foreign Objects Seen on the Wound…


WM_wounds2

DO NOT REMOVE OR PRESS ON THE OBJECT

CALL 995 IMMEDIATELY! 

 

 

 

Sprain Management

Definition of Sprain

A stretching or a tearing of a ligament. It normally occurs on the knee or ankle. 

How To Treat It? 

Remember R.I.C.E !

 

R.I.C.E

 

 

 SM_RestSM_Ice 

 REST the sprained joint. 

 

ICE or apply a cold compress to the sprain.

  
 
 SM_Compress SM_Elevate 
 

COMPRESS the sprained joint using a bandage or soft padding.

ELEVATE the sprained joint.   
    

What If Casualty Is Unable To Bear Own Weight And/or Walk?

The casualty might have sustained a fracture and need medical attention immediately. CALL 955!


Choking

Definition of Choking
Choking happens when the airway is either fully or partially blocked by a foreign object

 

There Are 2 Types Of Choking

  • Partial (Mild) airway obstruction
  • Complete (Severe) airway obstruction

 

Partial (Mild) Airway Obstruction

The Casualty Breathes Noisily Or Coughs

 

What To Do?

  • Do not interfere
  • Let the casualty cough out the object by himself/herself

 

 

Complete (Severe) Airway Obstruction

The Casualty:

  • Is unable to speak, breathe or cough
  • Will grip his/her throat with his/her hands (universal sign of choking)

 

Relief of Complete Airway Obstruction

STEP 1:

  • Ask “Are You Choking?”
  • Tell the casualty that you can help  


Choke_Step1
Universal Sign of Choking

STEP 2:

  • Move behind casualty and locate landmark by placing ring finger at belly button
  • Place 2 fingers above the ring finger

Choke_Step2

STEP 3:

  • 5, 4, 0 into a fist shape with another hand
  • Place it above the 2 fingers
 
 choking2

STEP 4:

  • Lean the casualty forward with one hand while still placing the fist 2 fingers above the belly button
  • Cover the fist with another hand
  • Thrust inward and upward
 
 Choke_Step4

STEP 5:

  • Repeat the thrust until object is expelled out or casualty turned unconscious    
 choking5