Fire Safety

Information of P&FM Storage Licence

Introduction

Petroleum and Flammable Material (P&FM) storage and transportation or other related activities are considered dangerous as they pose a threat to life and property in the event of fire. Hence application for their issuance is mandatory to achieve a safer working environment. The licensing authority is the Licensing Branch of the Central Enforcement Department of SCDF.

Licensable Products

• Petroleum

 

Petroleum refers to any hydrocarbons (ie with only carbon and hydrogen in its molecular structure) with flash point below 93°C (199°F). This includes crude petroleum, liquefied petroleum gas and other naturally occurring hydrocarbons derived from crude petroleum, coal, shale, peat or other bituminous substances. Petroleum products are further divided into the following classes:

CLASS 0 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
CLASS I Liquid Petroleum with a Flash Point below 23°C
CLASS II Liquid Petroleum with a Flash Point between 23°C and 60°C
CLASS III Liquid Petroleum with a Flash Point between 61°C and 93°C

Class 0, I & II petroleum are regulated by SCDF. For Class III petroleum, diesel is the only licensable product.

• Flammable Materials

 

The regulated flammable materials are based on the gazetted list in the Fire Fourth Schedule of the Fire Safety (Petroleum and Flammable Materials) Regulations 2013. There are a total of 366 groups of chemicals in the current list. This list of flammable materials is subjected to review periodically – with inclusion of additional flammable materials and / or removal of certain flammable materials in the list. Click on the link below to download.

Complete List of Licensable Chemicals 2014 (Excel, 48.3 KB)

P&FM Storage Requirement

All storage of P&FM, regardless of quantity stored, have to comply with fire safety requirements for storage of flammable materials in premises. All storage of P&FM must be indicated in building plans submitted to SCDF for approval. Storage licence is not required if the quantity stored or kept is below the licence exemption quantity as follows:

  • Class 0 Petroleum

Purpose

Exemption Quantity

For private use in a private dwelling house

Not more than 30 kg in not more than 2 cylinders

For us in eating place

Not more than 30 kg per stall in the eating place (whether occupied or not), subject to a maximum quantity of not more than 200 kg to be stored at that eating place

For us in restaurant

Not more than 200 kg

For use in a factory

Not more than 300 kg per factory

  • Any Other Classes of Petroleum

Purpose

Exemption Quantity

Class I Petroleum

Class II Petroleum

Class III Petroleum

For private use in a private dwelling house or for use in any business other than in a factory

Not more than 20 L

Not more than 200 L

Not more than 1,500 L

For use in a factory

Not more than
400 L

Not more than
1,000 L

Not more than 1,500 L

  • Flammable Materials

The exemption quantities for the 366 classes of Flammable Materials are in the following folder. Click on the link to download the Exemption quantities for flammable materials. (58.50 KB )

  • P&FM Mixtures

Mixed storage or keeping of any petroleum and flammable material, or more than one flammable material, in separate containers or compartments within any premises shall be exempted from the requirement of a licence if:

  1. Where all the substances are solids, their aggregate weight does not exceed 20 kg;

Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are solids, for instance, aluminum powder, calcium carbide and calcium silicate, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such solids together exceeds 20 kg.

  1. Where all the substances are liquids, their aggregate volume does not exceed 40 L:

Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are liquids, for instance, butanol, chlorobutane and acetone, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such liquids together exceeds 40 L.

  1. Where all the substances are gaseous, their aggregate weight does not exceed 10 kg; or

Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which all are gases, for instance, acetylene, hydrogen and ethane, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such gases together exceeds 10 kg.

  1. Where the substances are in mixed states, their aggregate weight does not exceed 20 kg.

Eg. If you store several kinds of petroleum/flammable materials of which consist of solids, liquids and gases, for instance, calcium carbide, acetone and acetylene, you are required to have a storage licence if the overall quantity of all such solids, liquids and gases together exceeds 20 kg.

Fire Safety Works Incorporated During Building Plan Stage, Pertaining To Storage/Keeping of Flammable Materials

In general, all buildings are to comply with the Fire Code. In addition, SCDF adopts CP 40 (SS532) for storage of flammable liquids, NFPA 55 for storage of compressed gas, NFPA 45 for lab-based chemical usage as basic design guidelines. The project QP (Qualified Person) shall preferably discuss with SCDF on the project details. This is to ensure that concerns are being addressed during the early phase of building design stage.

You may wish to refer to SS532 if you do not store flammable materials in larger quantity such as in tank or drums. For storage quantity below the `Minor Storage' and meeting the requirements specified in SS532, You could proceed straight to apply for storage licence without plan approval. That is you do not need to appoint QP to do plan submission and RI to conduct inspection.

If you wish to store larger quantity of flammable materials than the `Minor Storage', you could store them in the approved fire safety cabinets as recommended in SS532. You need only to engage a QP to ensure that the storage complied with the SS532 requirements and lodge a plan with the SCDF. You could proceed straight to apply for storage licence without a Fire Safety Certificate; that is appointment of RI is not required.

You could come to SCDF for a walk-in consultation to clarify issue pertaining to Minor Storage and storage in fire safety cabinets or any other matters pertaining to fire safety requirements on storage of flammable materials free of charge. To assist SCDF Fire Safety Consultants, you are advised to bring with you a copy of your building's layout plan and the list of flammable materials and storage quantity.

The following links are for your reference :

Guideline on requirements for storage of flammable material in laboratory ( 38.50 KB )

The Fire Code is available on SCDF internet website.

Access to Spring Singapore http://www.spring.gov.sg/pages/homepage.aspx for CP 40 (SS532).

Access to NFPA http://www.nfpa.org/index.asp for NFPA publications.

Storage Application

Applicant needs to confirm if his premises have been approved for storage of petroleum or flammable materials during the Building Plan stage (by checking the approved building plan). If not, the applicant will have to engage a Qualified Person (QP) to prepare and submit to SCDF, building plans incorporating the necessary fire safety works in accordance with the Fire Codes and other accepted codes. Upon approval of plans, applicant can start the construction of the approved fire safety works. For more information on plan approval, please refer to Building Plan Approval.

Upon completion of fire safety works, applicant is to engage a Registered Inspector (a QP who is registered by SCDF to conduct fire safety inspection). The Registered Inspector (RI) would apply for the FSC on behalf of the building owner after he has certified that fire safety works are completed and in accordance with the approved building plans. SCDF, upon receiving the RI certification, would issue FSC to the building owner. For more details on FSC application, please refer to Temporary Fire Certificate/Fire Safety Certificate.

The applicant can apply for P&FM storage licence on-line via LicenceOne.

For more information on the application of storage licence, you may refer to the LicenceOne Guide.

Documents to Be Submitted

  • P&FM Storage (Industrial/ Refinery/ Petrol Station / Education Institution/Others)
     
  1. Approved plan

One certified true copy (or original approved plan) showing the location of the premises and proposed storage area
 

  1. Temporary Fire Permit / Fire Safety Certificate issued by SCDF or other government agency

One certified true (or original) copy of Temporary Fire Permit or Fire Safety Certificate of the premise if it is issued by other government agencies (e.g. JTC, HDB or LTA)
 

  1. Documents for Bulk Tanks and Major Piped Installations
    1. Manufacturer's reports on designed code of tank
    2. PE endorsed Hydrostatic and Radiographic or any equivalent for both test report for tanks on site
    3. PE endorsed Pressure test report for piping and fittings for bulk tanks to the points of consumptions -
  2. Professional Engineer's Certification documents for the Piped LPG system
    1. Certification of supervision of piped gas system
    2. Certification of equipment installed for LPG system
    3. Pressure test report for the piping and fittings from the LPG installation to the point of consumption
  3. Letter of Undertaking on Safe Handling of LPG Installation

 

  1. LPG Check List

One certified true (or original) copy of LPG Checklist
 

  1. Acknowledgement letter for Emergency Response Plan

Please submit your ERP application through SCDF website at www.scdf.gov.sg (Click on Building Professional > e-Services > Emergency Response Plan) Consult ERP officers at 6848 3562 or 3259 for more information
 

  1. Letter of authorisation from Owner/Operator (for Filer)
    A letter of authorisation from Owner or Operator to authorise the filer to apply and obtain the Petroleum and Flammable Materials Storage Licence on their behalf.

  • P&FM Storage (HDB Eating House/ Food Court / Restaurant/Canteen)
     
  1. Approved plan

One certified true copy (or original approved plan) showing the location of the premises and proposed storage area
 

  1. Temporary Fire Permit / Fire Safety Certificate issued by other government agency

One certified true (or original) copy of Temporary Fire Permit or Fire Safety Certificate of the premise if it is issued by other government agencies (e.g. JTC, HDB or LTA)
 

  1. Professional Engineer's Certification documents for the Piped LPG system
    1. Certification of supervision of piped gas system
    2. Certification of equipment installed for LPG system
    3. Pressure test report for the piping and fittings from the LPG installation to the point of consumption
       
  2. Letter of Undertaking on Safe Handling of LPG installation
     
  3. LPG Check List

One certified true (or original) copy of LPG Checklist
 

  1. Acknowledgement letter for Emergency Response Plan

Please submit your ERP application through SCDF website at www.scdf.gov.sg (Click on Building Professional > e-Services > Emergency Response Plan) Consult ERP officers at 6848 3562 or 3259 for more information

  1. Approval Letter

To submit the approval letter from URA and LTA for the proposed storage area of the LPG manifold system
 

  1. Letter of Undertaking from LPG Supplier / Dealer

Letter of Undertaking on Safe Handling of LPG installation
 

  1. Letter of authorisation from Owner/Operator (for Filer)
    A letter of authorisation from Owner or Operator to authorise the filer to apply and obtain the Petroleum and Flammable Materials Storage Licence on their behalf

 

  • P&FM Storage (Construction site)
     
  1. Approved plan (Site and Layout plan)

One copy approved plan showing the location of the premises, proposed storage area and nearest fire hydrant (endorsed by Professional Engineer)
 

  1. Documents for Bulk Tanks and Major Piped Installations
    1. Manufacturer's reports on designed code of tank
    2. PE endorsed Hydrostatic and Radiographic or any equivalent for both test report for tanks on site
    3. PE endorsed Pressure test report for piping and fittings for bulk tanks to the points of consumptions
       
  2. Acknowledgement letter for Emergency Response Plan

Please submit your ERP application through SCDF website at www.scdf.gov.sg (Click on Building Professional > e-Services > Emergency Response Plan) Consult ERP officers at 6848 3562 or 3259 for more information
 

  1. Letter of authorisation from Owner/Operator (for Filer)

A letter of authorisation from Owner or Operator to authorise the filer to apply and obtain the Petroleum and Flammable Materials Storage Licence on their behalf


 

 

Application Processing Period

Your application will be processed within 7 working days and SCDF will notify you to arrange for an inspection. If documents submitted are in order and the inspection is satisfactory, approval will be granted and the Petroleum / Flammable Materials storage licence will be issued upon payment made.

Licence Costing & Validity Period

The Petroleum & Flammable Materials storage is valid for 12 months and the fees are based on quantity of storage:

Petroleum & Flammable Material (Liquid)

Not exceeding 500 L

$184

Exceeding 500 L but not exceeding 5,000 L

$242

Exceeding 5,000 L but not exceeding 50,000 L

$413

Exceeding 50,000 L but not exceeding 250,000 L

$862

Exceeding 250,000 L but not exceeding 450,000 L

$1,320

For subsequent 450,000 L or part thereof

$52

Flammable Material (Solid)

Not exceeding 200 kg

$212

Exceeding 200 kg but not exceeding 5, 000 kg

$256

For subsequent 5,000 kg or part thereof

$48

Flammable Material (Gaseous)

Not exceeding 50 kg

$212

Exceeding 50 kg but not exceeding 5,000 kg

$276

For subsequent 5,000 kg or part thereof

$48

Amendment of Licence

Additional copy of licence

$9

Amendment of licence or permit

$16

Fire Safety Conditions to Fulfil

  1. To keep and maintain a register of all P&FM stored or kept at the licensed premises, their quantities, movement, and their Material Safety Data Sheets;
     
  2. To ensure that ventilation, means of escape, structural fire precautions, fire prevention and extinguishing systems of the licensed premises are maintained and functioning in accordance with the approved building plans;
     
  3. To take all practicable steps to prevent fire, explosion, leakage or ignition of any P&FM in the premises;
     
  4. To disallow activity that may cause fire, explosion, leakage or ignition of any P&FM in the premises including activity that is not necessary for the purpose of storage or keeping of P&FM in the premises;
     
  5. To ensure that all entrances, passageways, exits and other means of escape in the premises are free from obstruction at all times;
     
  6. To ensure that the premises are accessible to fire engines, ambulances and other emergency vehicles at all times;
     
  7. To ensure that the storage/stacking of P&FM will limit the spread of any fire that occurs, not endanger the occupants in the course of their work and not hinder access for emergency vehicles or occupants to escape;
  8. To prevent unauthorized persons from entering the premises and to limit staff access to area where P&FM are stored;
     
  9. To keep the premises clean and in good condition. The premises should be clear of dry grass, unmown grass and vegetation, undergrowth, debris and other combustible material;
     
  10. To provide and maintain such types and quantities of fire-fighting material and equipment as may be required by the Commissioner;
     
  11. To provide and maintain such types and quantities of sensors as may be required by the Commissioner;
     
  12. To ensure that personnel who are required to handle P&FM in the premises are conversant with the law, the approved codes of practice and the actions to be taken in the event of fire, explosion, leakage or other similar emergency;
     
  13. To establish and maintain such number of persons as in-house, on-site Company Emergency Response Team (CERT) as the Commissioner may direct;
     
  14. To ensure that CERT members are competent in handling incidents involving P&FM in the event of any fire, explosion, leakage or other similar emergency;
     
  15. To ensure that all CERT members have successfully passed the competency test;
     
  16. To subject the CERT to periodic assessment of its emergency preparedness;
     
  17. To adopt security measures such as installation of security equipment including close circuit cameras at appropriate locations within the licensed premises, preventing any unauthorized person from gaining access or performing unauthorized activity and reducing the storage quantity of P&FM within such time as specified by the Commissioner;
     
  18. To prepare and keep up-to-date an Emergency Response Plan (ERP) to deal with spillage, leakage, accidental discharge or other emergency, include the off-site impact, if any. You may access the following link for the guidelines for ERP.
     

Guidelines for Emergency Response Plan (ERP)

  1. To ensure that all persons working in the premises know the contents of the ERP.
     
  2. The ERP should cover the following:
    1. Identification of likely accidental scenarios and establishment of the likely impact zones;
    2. Notification and activation procedures;
    3. Response actions to contain and control the release and to mitigate the impact zones;
    4. Monitoring of the affected areas, including the off-site affected areas;
    5. Procedures for decontamination and clean-up of affected areas;
    6. Names of personnel with their assigned roles and responsibilities in dealing with the emergency (including the decontamination and clean-up of the affected areas);
    7. List of emergency response equipment, including protective gears, fire-fighting equipment, oversized drums, emergency containers or tankers, absorbents, neutralizing agents, monitoring equipment and clean-up equipment, made available for dealing with the emergency; and
    8. Any other information as required by the Commissioner.
       
  3. To subject the ERP for test, review, or amend within a time period specified by Commissioner;
     
  4. To ensure that there are adequate trained personnel and adequate equipment to deal with any emergency or accident;
     
  5. To implement the ERP in the event of any emergency.
     
  6. To ensure that no P&FM be sold or supplied to any person unless he has a valid licence to store or keep, or transport the P&FM;
     
  7. To ensure that the dispensing of P&FM from tanker into storage tank is carried out under close supervision of a person who has knowledge of and experience with the dispensing;
     
  8. To ensure that no lighted candle, cigarette, burning of joss sticks, or any naked light, fire or flame is permitted within the precincts when dispensing of P&FM is being carried out;
     
  9. To ensure that the engine of the vehicle is shut off during dispensing operations; the vehicle chassis must be first be earthed, the rate of filling must be limited to prevent any electrostatic discharge which may cause ignition of flammable vapors; the connections for dispensing must be properly secured and the quantity should not exceed its tank capacity.
     
  10. To ensure sufficient numbers of appropriate emergency information panels and warning labels are installed at the approved storage area; To ensure that the storage containers for P&FM are the types that are designed and constructed in accordance with an approved standard

For clarification and submission of ERP and CERT for approval, please contact:

ERP Officers

Central Enforcement Department

HQ Singapore Civil Defence Force


DID: 6848 3259 / 68483562

FAX: 6848 1494

Email: [email protected]

List of Qualified Persons (QP) and Registered Inspectors (RI)

You can obtain information on Qualified Persons from the Singapore Institute of Architects (SIA) at website: www.sia.org.sg and the Professional Engineers Board (PEB) at website: www.peb.gov.sg. For the list of RI, you may access the SCDF Download webpage.

New Additions Of Petroleum/Flammable Materials To My Existing Licence

You will need to inform SCDF (Central Enforcement Department) about the new additions of petroleum/flammable materials to your existing licence. Alternatively, you may access the LicenceOne to submit an update to your existing licence.

  • For more information on Storage matters, you may contact the following:

 

Storage Licensing Officers

  1. Mr. Md Faizal Mazlan
    Team Leader, FM Storage Licensing Team
    Licensing Branch/ Central Enforcement Department
    HQ Singapore Civil Defence Force

DID: 6848 1495 FAX: 6848 1494
Email: [email protected]

  1. Mr. Muhathir Mohamad
    Team Leader, FM Storage Licensing Team
    Licensing Branch/ Central Enforcement Department
    HQ Singapore Civil Defence Force

DID: 6848 1442 FAX: 6848 1494
Email: [email protected]

  1. Mr. Heng Keng Liang
    Team Leader, FM Storage Licensing Team
    Licensing Branch/ Central Enforcement Department
    HQ Singapore Civil Defence Force

DID: 6848 1428, FAX: 6848 1494
Email: [email protected]

 

 

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Last updated on 5th May 2017