The MRT shelter can accommodate between 3,000 to 19,000 shelterees depending on the shelter area. MRT shelters are designed with facilities to ensure the shelter environment is tolerable for all shelterees during shelter occupation. These facilities include protective blast doors, decontamination facilities, ventilation system, power and water supply systems and dry toilet system etc.
Civil Defence Shelter
Public shelters refer to those shelters which have been constructed (whether before or after the enactment of the legislation) in accordance with regulations / specifications issued by SCDF and in which members of the public may take refuge during an emergency. Public shelters found in Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) North-South Line (NSL) /East-West Line (EWL)/ North-East Line (NEL)/Circle Line (CCL) stations/ Downtown Line 2 (DTL2), schools and community centres / clubs, would be more appropriately used by those in transit (eg. travelling in the MRT), passers-by and those who have to perform emergency roles in these schools and community centres / clubs.
For the public in general, when the need arises, SCDF will implement public education measures on the sheltering methods and procedures. Essentially, the public will be advised to stay at home, keep calm and seek protection at home.
Public shelters are incorporated in underground MRT stations to provide protection for the population in times of Emergency. There are 40 underground MRT stations which are hardened to double-up as public shelters. They are:
|North-South Line||East-West Line||North-East Line||Circle Line||Downtown Line 2
(Open on 27/12/15)
Haw Par Villa
King Albert Park
Tan Kah Kee
Housing Development Board (HDB) Shelters
The HDB public shelters are in the basements or at the void-decks of certain HDB residential apartment blocks. In the case of a residential block of flats, it is also economical because the void deck space otherwise occupied by a public shelter can be freed for other recreational and social uses, and maintenance cost is minimal.
Basement air-rifle ranges of many new secondary schools are hardened as shelters.
Community Centres / Clubs
Public shelters are found in certain community centres / clubs. Shelters here are generally used by the centres / clubs themselves for their own peacetime purpose.
Other Public Developments
Other public developments also have public shelters. Examples of their peacetime uses include basement carpark, training activity room and workshop.
The Household Shelter (HS) in a dwelling unit is typically the store cum pantry with its walls, floor and ceiling strengthened with increased thickness. The walls are set back by specified distances from the building exterior and the entrance to the HS is installed with an SCDF-approved light protective steel door. The HS gives protection to the shelterees against weapon effects such as blast and fragments during an emergency. Each HS door has a notice affixed on its interior face. The notice identifies the structure as a household shelter and states clearly the prohibited works within it. The HS of HDB flats are typically the store cum pantry. The walls, floor and ceiling of the HS are strengthened with increased thickness and in general, require minimal maintenance. It is no different from maintaining an ordinary storeroom, with the provision that the owner is not allowed to tamper with the HS door, structural walls and the floor and ceiling slabs.
Typically, architects design storerooms and pantries with the required protection specified by SCDF so that they can also serve as shelters for occupants of the dwelling units.
The household / storey shelter has the advantage of being easily accessible to residents of the house or flat and apartment occupants when the need arises. Life during an emergency can thus be close to normalcy.
For purpose of quality control in the manufacturing of the HS doors, SCDF and BCA are working closely with Spring Singapore (previously known as PSB) in implementing the Product Listing Scheme (PLS) for HS doors. Note that only approved HS doors (for which BCA-issued HS door reference numbers would be given) are eligible for the PLS which is administered by Spring Singapore.
For residents living in dwelling units without shelters, SCDF will advise them how they can improvise some cover in their homes using available household and furniture items. Such an improvised cover would provide a considerable degree of protection against flying debris and glass splinters which generally are the cause of the majority of casualties in bomb explosion incidents. In fact, it will be relatively safer to stay at home under some improvised cover during an attack than being out in the open trying to get to a public shelter.